Tuesday, February 23, 2010

Onions Combating Tuberculosis and Osteoporosis

Research Advances: Onions Battle Osteoporosis; New Weapon in War on TB; Smokers Beware: Study Shows Increased Cadmium Levels in the Brain May Cause Severe Neurological Disorders

(Source:http://pubs.acs.org; Angela G. King
Department of Chemistry, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC 27109
J. Chem. Educ., 2005, 82 (8), p 1114 )

Abstract of Report:
This Report from Other Journals surveys articles of interest to chemists that have been recently published in other science journals. Topics surveyed include reports that a compound in onions reduces bone loss; a new diarylquinone inhibits tuberculosis in vitro; and cadium in tobacco influences amphetamine effects.

Nanotech to 'Upgrade' Tuberculosis Drugs


Scientists use nanotech to 'upgrade' TB drugs
(Source:www.scidev.net by Carol Campbell 29 September 2009 | EN)

Scientists in South Africa have utilized nanotechnology to enhance the absorption of tuberculosis (TB) drugs in the body so that fewer, smaller doses are needed.

Clinical trials for the antibiotic, Rifanano — a combination of the four main first-line TB drugs — are scheduled for 2012 and the drug should be available in government clinics in 2016, Hulda Swai, principal researcher in biomaterials research told SciDev.Net.

Swai and her team from the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) won 'best science to business opportunity' at the second SA Bio Plan Competition held during the recent Bio2Biz Conference in South Africa last week (20–23 September).

Rifanano needs to be taken just once a week for two months and there are no adverse reactions. Most TB antibiotics must be taken daily for up to six months and often cause debilitating side effects, such as nausea and fatigue.

The new drug is coated with nano-sized particles which are in turn coated with chemicals that make them stick to the intestine wall, enabling the drug to be far more easily absorbed.

"When the white blood cells see these particles they take them up because they look like foreign objects. But doing so they actually transport them throughout the body while releasing their cargo," says Swai.

"We have not invented a new medicine but have taken existing medicine and made it better."

Team member Boitumelo Semete says Rifanano will be targeted at government health departments in the developing world.

"TB is a poor man's disease, which means it's not a popular choice for development by commercially driven pharmaceutical companies," she says. "We are using local science and technology skills to make an existing treatment more effective and affordable for our people."

Nanotechnology is being used by scientists worldwide to improve the efficiency of treatment for a host of diseases. CSIR now plans to turn its attention to improving medications for a number of other diseases, including malaria and cancer.

The Bio Plan award ceremony was attended by Naledi Pandor, minister of science and technology, and Mamphela Ramphele, chair of the board for the new Technology Innovation Agency. The competition was organised in a joint collaboration between Emory University in the United States and South Africa's Innovation Fund.

A New Class of Antimycobacterial Agent that Kills TB Bugs

A New Class of Antimycobacterial Agent

Report that was originally published in Science Express on 19 March 2009 & Science 8 May 2009:Vol. 324. no. 5928, pp. 801 - 804 is really highly helpful in the area of TB research where new drugs are required to counter the tuberculosis (TB) pandemic (Source:www.sciencemag.org). In this report, Dr. Stewart T. Cole1 and co-workers working in different institutes, etc.(contact address: stewart.cole@epfl.ch) have described the synthesis and characterization of 1,3-benzothiazin-4-ones (BTZs), a new class of antimycobacterial agents that kill Mycobacterium tuberculosis in vitro, ex vivo, and in mouse models of TB.

Using genetics and biochemistry, they have identified the enzyme decaprenylphosphoryl-β-D-ribose 2'-epimerase as a major BTZ target. Inhibition of this enzymatic activity abolishes the formation of decaprenylphosphoryl arabinose, a key precursor that is required for the synthesis of the cell-wall arabinans, thus provoking cell lysis and bacterial death. The most advanced compound, BTZ043, is a candidate for inclusion in combination therapies for both drug-sensitive and extensively drug-resistant TB.

Tuberculosis Diet

Diet For Tuberculosis Patients


A poor diet with an improper life style raises the risk of tuberculosis. Use of tobacco, loss of sleep, sedentary activity, cold exposure, alcohol abuse and excessive work are the typical; causes of tuberculosis. Calcium is helpful in treatment. Milk is a good mode of treatment and is at times, exclusively supplied. A milk diet succeeds a liquid diet. A glass of milk is provided, once in two hours. This is followed by one and a half glass on the second day, every one hour. Fruits such as orange, pine apple, gooseberry, banana and custard apple prove beneficial. They help in diluting the mucus and act as an expectorant. They also prevent further infection. Vegetables include the usage of bottle gourd, mint and drumstick leaves.

Caffeinated beverages, canned and tinned foods, white bread, refined sugar, puddings, pies, refined cereals, sauces, condiments and pickles are not recommended for tuberculosis. A vegetarian diet pattern is preferred, as non vegetarian foods are difficult to digest. A diet rich in vegetables and fresh fruits are helpful. Whole grains and low fat dairy products are useful.